For those of you who ask, what is HTML? You certainly know the term when using the internet. HTML has a very important function on a website. This HTML can make it easier for users or users to make paragraphs, links, links, headings, and block pages on the website pages or sites that have been made.

What Is HTML and Its Functions?

HTML is Hypertext Markup Language. HTML is a markup language that is easy for users to understand. HTML can facilitate novice users or developers in formatting, compiling, and organizing documents online using the Microsoft Word program.

HTML functions to make it easier for users when managing or managing data in the form of documents on a website. So as to produce documents that are interesting and easy to read by all internet users around the world. HTML has the advantage of the language used. The markup language for HTML has many sources and is broad and consistent.

html in notepad

HTML can be run naturally on every website. HTML also has an easier learning curve and open source that can be run for free. In addition, HTML also has official website standards by the World Wide Web Consortium on maintaining. And easy to integrate with PHP, Node.js, and even the backend language.

HTML has features that cannot be used logically. So that web pages must be separated even though they have the same elements. When executing, the browser can also sometimes be unpredictable. So the browser cannot render newer. However, you can still use HTML as needed.

HTML History

HTML was created by a physicist with the Berners Lee team at the CERN research institute in Switzerland. The team has an idea about a hypertext system that uses an internet base. Tim Berners Lee released the first HTML version in 1991. In that version, there were 18 HTML tags. Hypertext refers to text that has references or links for other text so that it can be accessed by users.

Since 1991, every HTML released the latest version, always equipped with the latest attributes and tags. There are currently 140 HTML tags based on the HTML Element Reference owned by the Mozilla Developer Network. Because of the popularity and advancement in technology, HTML continues to grow and increase. HTML is considered a standard website that is already official.

HTML was developed by W3C with a major upgrade in 2014. The result is an introduction to HTML 5 with new semantics so that it can tell the meaning of its own HTML content. The existence of a web browser aims to facilitate users when opening HTML-formatted documents.

Development of HTML Code from Beginning to Now
The following is a history of the development of HTML code starting from the initial version until now.

1. HTML Version 1.0
Starting in version 1.0. Version 1.0 is a pioneer with many weaknesses, so the appearance is still simple. HTML version 1.0 has the ability to make paragraphs, headings, lists, hypertext, and bold or italic text. Version 1.0 can also support placing images or images on documents without wrapping.

2. HTML Version 2.0
HTML version 2.0 has the additional feature of better HTML quality. Version 2.0 has the ability to display data or forms in documents and enter addresses, names, and suggestions or criticisms. HTML version 2.0 is a pioneer for interactive web.

3. HTML Version 3.0
Version 3.0 has additional features with a new facility, namely figure. The figure is the development of an image that functions to put pictures and tables. HTML version 3.0 can also support the existence of mathematical formulas in documents. Version 3.0 is now replaced with version 3.2.

4. HTML Version 3.2
Version 3.2 is the most commonly used HTML. This version has the technology to put text around the image. So the image has a background, frame, style, table, and so on. Version 3.2 can also use scripts to support HTML performance.

5. HTML Version 4.0
HTML version 4.0 underwent many changes from the previous version. These changes to the HTML command that is image, table, text, link, form, and so on.

6. HTML Version 4.01
There is also version 4.01, which is an improvement from version 4.0. This version becomes the standard for elements or attributes in HTML. Because it has fixed an error in the previous version.

7. HTML Version 5.0
HTML version 5 is a procedure for making the latest web display by combining CSS, HTML, and JavaScript. This version was made from information that W3C and IETF made the latest HTML version.

html version 5.0


The development of HTML is quite significant. In fact, W3C continues to grow and release the latest HTML versions and updates. HTML version 5.0 is the best version with more complete features. HTML 5 has a powerful feature that is support for embed video and audio. So you can use video or audio files to the desired website page.

This feature also supports vector graphics with scales and MathML for mathematical formulas or others. HTML 5 introduces improvements to the semantic domain of the browser so that content can be seen and read by other users as well as for yourself. With the history and development of HTML, you must have understood what HTML is, right?


If explained in general, HTML is a mark up that is used to create and arrange documents in Microsoft Word programs. HTML has two types, block-level, and inline tags. A block-level element is an element that uses all the available space and creates a new line in the document. Examples of these elements are paragraphs and headings.

In the block-level element, there are three tags that must be owned by each document. The three tags are HTML, Head, and Body. HTML tags are elements that include HTML in documents. The Head Tag functions to store information such as the document title, while the Body tag functions to attach content in the document.

While inline elements are elements that only use space according to their needs, and do not make a new line in the document. This element will format all contents, such as links. Inline tags are used to format text, whether it’s for bold, italic, or bottom gars.

Some elements included in the inline element are hyperlinks. The hyperlink is an element that requires tags and attributes for a link. Images or images are elegem inline that can be added to documents. With these images, the appearance of the document is more interesting to read.

You can also learn HTML and get to know how it works. HTML documents are files that have HTML. This file can be viewed using a web browser. From the web, it will read HTML files so that the existing content can be read by users.

Every website has a different HTML page. Each HTML consists of tags or elements that refer to the building block website page. These elements or tags can create and arrange content so that it forms paragraphs, headings, and other content.

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How? Are you interested in going deeper into what HTML is after reading this article?

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